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Emily Wessel

Hi! I’m Emily Wessel, I design fun-to-knit patterns and helpful technique tutorials. I live in Edinburgh, Scotland with my husband and two kids, where I like to run, knit, learn languages, and hang out with friends. I am co-founder and designer at Tin Can Knits -


  1. Rachel
    January 1, 2019 @ 1:12 pm

    Can this be made for a man? It seems like the larger sizes are for women only. Thanks.

    • alexaludeman
      January 2, 2019 @ 7:20 pm

      Hi Rachel – You bet! It’s a pretty unisex design, there’s nothing really male or female about it. You just want to choose the correct chest measurement

    October 27, 2018 @ 12:09 pm

    I am a beginner and confused with the increase instructions for row 1. If I knit to 1 st before market, then m1, does the k2 include the m1? Do I then slip the marker and repeat the m1, k2, m1? Thanks

    • alexaludeman
      October 27, 2018 @ 1:42 pm

      Hi Sandra – just slip the markers as you come to them, m1, k1, slip ,arker, k1, m1

  3. jsassychriselda
    July 29, 2018 @ 7:49 pm

    I’m doing the 0-6months after I did the rows 1-6 a total of 6 time, I’m confused on the next step. Work rows 1-2 rows, at this point I only have 20sts, on the front, 28 on sleeves,45 on the back

    • alexaludeman
      July 30, 2018 @ 10:38 am

      work rows 1-2 two (1,etc… times

  4. LSharkey
    July 29, 2018 @ 12:46 pm

    I have a question about the stitch markers placed at the end of the increase rows (sorry, I’m a complete beginner, so this may be a silly question): Since those markers go through an actual stitch, rather than on the needle, does the marker go through the stitches that are currently looped around the needle, or the completed stitch directly below that? Thanks!

    • alexaludeman
      July 30, 2018 @ 10:37 am

      Hi – I usually put them through the stitch on the needle, but not on the needle itself. Does that help?

      • LSharkey
        August 2, 2018 @ 4:47 pm

        Yes, that answers my question. Thanks!

  5. Tina M Kimball
    July 18, 2018 @ 7:36 am

    I would like to know what you do at the end of a row of stitching. I have a friend who “slips” the last stitch instead of knitting or purling it. If so, do you slip it knitwise, or purlwise?

    • Emily Wessel
      July 19, 2018 @ 4:32 am

      We don’t recommend slipping the last (or the first) stitch of a row as a general practice. In some of our patterns, we DO use this technique for specific reasons, but, in Tin Can Knits patterns, where it is not specified, it’s best not to do it, as it may impact later stages in the knit in a negative way. However, you can try it for yourself and see what the effect is.

  6. Rachel
    April 26, 2018 @ 5:38 am

    Hello. I finished the extra rows 1-2 near the end of the yoke and my piece already measures 6 inches ( I’m doing the 2-4 year old size) if I stop here without doing an extra possible 8 rows, will this be a problem?

    • alexaludeman
      April 27, 2018 @ 9:15 am

      Hi Rachel – nope! You can carry on

      • Rachel
        May 4, 2018 @ 5:55 am

        Thank you!

  7. Luann Graham
    April 16, 2018 @ 4:05 pm

    Thank you so much. Now That makes perfect sense. Now to make the sweater. Love your patterns. Luann

  8. Luann Graham
    April 15, 2018 @ 1:41 pm

    Hello, I am working on the gramps sweater size 0-6 and finished the setup row. Problem with 1st row. Not enough stitches between markers to perform between parenthesis for this size. Please help.


    • alexaludeman
      April 15, 2018 @ 9:27 pm

      Hi Luann – You should have 2 sts before the first marker, so you will k1, m1, k1, slip marker, k1, knit to 1 st before next marker, m1, k1, slip marker, k1, m1 etc. Does that help?

  9. Nancy
    January 11, 2017 @ 1:26 pm

    Hello TCK, I am enjoying making a newborn Gramps. I have completed 6 repeats of rows 1-4 and have 139 stitches. Your instructions say to do rows 1-2 once more for a total of 155 stitches, but that is adding 16 stitches and rows 1-2 only add 8 stitches. What am I missing here? Thanks a lot.

    • alexaludeman
      January 12, 2017 @ 12:11 pm

      Hi Nancy – once you have your 139 sts the instruction reads:

      Work rows 1-2 two (1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 3, 0 5, 4, 0) more time(s). [155 (167, 175, 187, 187, 203, 213, 225, 241, 261, 279, 311, 323, 355, 379, 411, 439) sts total

      Your size is the two outside the brackets. So you are adding 16 sts

      • Nancy
        January 12, 2017 @ 6:13 pm

        Ohhh. Duh. I read it a million times and didn’t catch that “two” before the bracket. Thank you so much.

  10. Sweater Techniques Series – Gramps Baby Cardigan – 6 / 6 : Finishing Touches | Tin Can Knits
    November 15, 2016 @ 2:13 pm

    […] 3/6 Top-Down Sweater Construction: Yoke: Pattern Reading, and Increasing & Decreasing stitches to form Yoke […]

  11. Sweater Techniques Series – Gramps Baby Cardigan – 5 / 6 : Shawl Collar and Button Band | Tin Can Knits
    November 15, 2016 @ 2:13 pm

    […] 3/6 Top-Down Sweater Construction: Yoke: Pattern Reading, and Increasing & Decreasing stitches to form Yoke […]

  12. Sweater Techniques Series – Gramps Baby Cardigan – 4 / 6 : Top-Down Sweater Construction – Body and Arms | Tin Can Knits
    November 15, 2016 @ 2:12 pm

    […] 3/6 Top-Down Sweater Construction: Yoke: Pattern Reading, and Increasing & Decreasing stitches to form Yoke […]

  13. Kathy D
    November 7, 2016 @ 7:31 am

    Have started the 4-6 size and am wondering if there is a mistake after working rows 1-4. It says for this size not to work row 1-2 ( 0 times) but the stitch count after working the increases is 179 and then the next count is 187. If you don’t repeat rows 1-2 the count is going to remain 179 or am I missing something? Sometimes knitting and Nascar does not play well together. Thanks. BTW, just finished Antler (4-6 in dk) so cute, may have to make myself one!

    • alexaludeman
      November 7, 2016 @ 10:00 am

      Hi Kathy – haha, Nascar and knitting, love it. Where it says to work row 1-2 there is a two in front of the brackets spelled out, your size says to repeat the rows 1 time. Does that help?

      • Kathy D
        November 7, 2016 @ 10:15 am

        Thanks for the quick reply. That clears it up, I was going by the numbers in the brackets. My size in the brackets has a 0 so I assumed that rows 1&2 weren’t repeated, but doing them once will give me the right numbers. This is another one I might have to make for myself – love pockets! Thanks again.

  14. Ann
    September 26, 2016 @ 3:23 am

    Thanks ur tutorial
    I am working at the repeating rows step
    But how should I measure the yoke depth ? At the centre or at the edge
    Also, must repeat at least six rows? If the yoke depth reaches the desired length after knitting two repeat rows, should I continue to knit up to 6 repeat rows?

    • alexaludeman
      September 27, 2016 @ 9:37 am

      Hi Ann – after you have worked all of the increases you will work ‘even’ (no increases) until the yoke is the specified length (I measure straight down the back). How many rows you need here will really depend on your size and row gauge.

  15. charon harris
    February 17, 2016 @ 8:06 am

    I am knitting the pueperium baby cardigan/ opening on sides. I would like a tutirial on this because its my first time knitting in the round starting at the neck

    • alexaludeman
      February 22, 2016 @ 2:45 pm

      Hi Charon – unfortunately that isn’t one of our patterns so we won’t have a tutorial on it. You can try our Flax pattern though, it is knit in round from the neck down.

  16. Maxine
    January 21, 2016 @ 5:37 pm

    Row 1, What is your preferred method of M1? This is a confusion to me as there is more than one way to make one and I would like it to look like yours. If it is M1R, M1L I am assuming that the one stitch before the marker I do a M1R and after the marker M1L?
    Row 3, K1, M1 would that be a M1R and at the beginning of the row a M1L at the end?

    • alexaludeman
      January 25, 2016 @ 1:00 pm

      Hi Maxine – how to m1 is really a matter of knitters choice, the original Gramps sweater we knit (in brown and green) used a krl and kll, the newest version of the pattern has the instruction to m1. The grey, red and brown, and blue and brown gramps sweaters on the most recent pattern use an m1r before the marker and an m1l after. Some knitters prefer to reverse the order though

  17. Tai
    December 7, 2015 @ 1:30 pm

    Hi, I have a question,. On Row 1, when it states to Knit to 1st before marker, m1,ks,m1 does that mean,m1, knit the next stitch before the marker, m1, k2, m1? I noticed that I was getting holes in my work with the M1, how do they incorporate the M1R/M1L?

    • alexaludeman
      December 9, 2015 @ 9:45 am

      Hi Tai – you will be slipping a maker between the 2 knit sts. So it is a m1, k1, slip marker, k1, m1. I like to work a m1l before the marker and a m1r after the marker, but it is really a matter of preference. If you are getting holes you may not be working your m1s correctly (you should be twisting the stitch as you knit it)

  18. Daniele
    October 18, 2015 @ 10:30 pm

    Is KFB an option for adding stitches?

    • Emily Wessel
      October 21, 2015 @ 4:40 am

      Yes, you could use KFB for the yoke increases, but you will want to work the kfb on the stitch 2 stitches before the marker, and then on the stitch directly after the marker to get a symmetrical looking line of increase.

  19. Sweater Techniques Series – Gramps Baby Cardigan – 2 / 6 : Beginning a Knitting Project | Tin Can Knits
    August 18, 2015 @ 1:42 pm

    […] 3/6 Top-Down Sweater Construction: Yoke: Provisional cast-on, Pattern Reading, and Increasing & Decreasing stitches to form Yoke […]

    August 11, 2015 @ 3:29 pm

    I don’t understand the end of the yoke instructions it says make 6 more rows in stockinette stitch but am I supposed to keep doing the MS to keep the Reglan lines?

    • alexaludeman
      August 11, 2015 @ 9:29 pm

      Nope, just work even in stockinette, no increases

  21. Kathy
    July 15, 2015 @ 3:02 pm

    I hate to be so needy but do you mean (M1 k2 M1) that for the first row I k1, M1, slip marker
    k1 and continue?

    • Emily Wessel
      July 20, 2015 @ 8:59 am

      Hi Kathy – yup, unless otherwise stated, you always slip markers when you come to them, so m1, k2, m1 will be worked m1, k1, slip marker, k1, m1. Enjoy!

      • Honey
        July 30, 2015 @ 12:06 pm

        Emily I too am not able to get this pattern going. Knitting as written is giving me lg holes. Question…do I have ti M1R, and M1L to eliminate this? Do you have a video on getting this yoke started? I’m making it for my grandsons bday and need to get going. I even took the pattern to my knitting group and we were all stumped… 😢

      • Emily Wessel
        July 31, 2015 @ 3:30 am

        Hi Honey – Can you give me a clearer explanation of what the trouble you are having is? Where are the holes? If you use M1R and M1L at the lines of raglan increase, there shouldn’t be any holes there. You can find a video on these increases (and a bunch more options that you could use instead) at : . Hope this helps! Good luck with it.

  22. Kathy
    July 12, 2015 @ 6:59 am

    I just can’t get started, I know that it is me and not your pattern. my problem is the increase on the RF and LF. with only two stitches how can I make the M1, k2, M1 increase? I am going on vacation today and naturally waited till the last minute to figure this out. I will only
    have an I phone to look at. and am not sure that I can get to this page. would it be possible
    to email me? thanks Kathy.

    • alexaludeman
      July 13, 2015 @ 11:53 am

      Hi Kathy

      The first M1 comes before the marker and the second one comes after, just slip the markers as you come to them!

  23. Honey
    June 27, 2015 @ 10:44 am

    Hi…I need clarification on row 1.

    • Emily Wessel
      June 30, 2015 @ 4:24 am

      Hello! Can you let me know what your question is specifically?

  24. Sheila
    April 13, 2015 @ 11:03 am

    I’m confused about the paragraph above “separate sleeves and body” where it tells you to put safety pins at beginning and end of this row, then work 6 more rows in stocking stitch until yoke depth is approx. 5″. Am I still supposed to be M1-ing as before, because it looks like that in the photo? Or do I stay with my same number of stitches and just do 6 rows, and if so, why do I have safety pins there? Am I moving the pins every row or leaving them in the same place? I’m an experienced knitter and I just don’t understand this. (Bought pattern through Ravelry this past weekend). Thanks.

    • alexaludeman
      April 13, 2015 @ 6:54 pm

      Hi Sheila – So, you are putting safety pins in (and you won’t be moving them) because when you pick up the button band, you want to place the buttons between the bottom of the sweater and the safety pins, and you will be working your short rows based on these markers. So, they aren’t important until later but they will be used.

  25. Tawnee
    April 8, 2015 @ 5:42 am

    Hi I just bought this pattern and am confused. You have the tutorial as a provisional cast on. But the pattern just says cast on. So should I use a provisional cast on or just cast on however I usually would?

    • alexaludeman
      April 8, 2015 @ 1:26 pm

      Hi Tawnee – our older version of the pattern (it was just in the little sizes) did have a provisional cast on, but since we added the big sizes we took that provisional cast on out. So, long story short, go without the provisional cast on

      • Tawnee
        April 8, 2015 @ 1:42 pm

        Okay thank you. I cannot wait to knit this up.

  26. Siobhan
    March 9, 2015 @ 2:17 pm

    Thank you for the tutorial, I’m afraid I’m being a bit dim but do you actually give instructions for a provisional cast on? Above it says how to cast on with the provisional method but the it just says to cast on as per pattern instructions which are to just cast on? Am I missing something? Thanks!

    • alexaludeman
      March 9, 2015 @ 3:24 pm

      Hi Siobhan – in an older version of the pattern there was a provisional cast on, but we have taken that out.

  27. Siobhan
    March 7, 2015 @ 6:21 am

    Hi, I’m still not sure what you mean by provisional cast on – this post doesn’t seem to address it? Do you cover it elsewhere? Also, do you cover how M1 should be handled in this pattern as my usual method (lift a stitch out if the yarn below and knit into the back) seems to leave a gappy trail rather than the neat raglan increases I see in the pics! Thanks.

    • alexaludeman
      March 9, 2015 @ 3:30 pm

      Check out our ‘help’ page for both links (how to m1 and provisional cast on)

  28. mia
    June 6, 2014 @ 1:30 pm

    I bought your pattern, and started yo knit… I dont understand how you get the raglan to go in opposit direction. I get all my raglan-lines to the right. How do you get the PM to be the same if every row adds 8?

    Thank you!


    • Emily Wessel
      June 10, 2014 @ 10:16 am

      You should leave the markers in place, and simply slip them at each row. Hope this helps!

  29. Stephanie
    March 25, 2014 @ 11:35 am

    The pattern is wonderful, although I am a little confused about how many repeats I do. In the directions it says: “Repeat rows 1 and 2 a total of 14 times” – does that mean a total of 14 rows together, or a total of 14 rows per each row (so 28 rows I would have knit total)? I’m assuming 28 rows total because I have to do neckline increases 7 times – but is my assumption correct?

    • alexaludeman
      March 25, 2014 @ 2:00 pm

      Repeat rows 1 and 2 a total of 14 times means you are working 28 rows (row 1, row 2, row 1, row 2…..)

  30. Free Tutorial: How To Knit Top Down Baby Cardigan » Da'Knit
    November 28, 2013 @ 4:05 pm

    […] Top-Down Sweater Construction: Yoke: Provisional cast-on, Pattern Reading, and Increasing & Decreasing stitches to form Yoke [Post HERE] […]

  31. Ann Haggett
    November 9, 2013 @ 5:09 pm

    I am a sock knitter (dpn’s) and this sweater, albeit small, is throwing me. I have done the following on the yoke: setup row, first increase row, first WS row. I understand the need to increase at the raglan lines and will probably use Ml rather than the KKL deal. But I don’t understand when to do the neckline increase, i.e. do I do a Ml on the very first stitch using a knit through the front and back of the stitch? (in which case I would also knit through the front and back of the very last stitch on that row) Or, at the beginning of the row, do I Kl first and then do a Ml (increase) using the bar between the first and second stitch (and likewise do a Ml on the next to the last stitch of the row?) Thanks.

    • Emily Wessel
      December 11, 2013 @ 5:29 pm

      Hi Ann – Working m1 at the raglan points is totally fine. For the neckline increases, I would suggest working k1, m1 at the start of the row, and knit to last st, m1, k1 at the end of the row. Knitting front and back would work, but I think the m1s will be more seamless.

  32. Andrea
    October 16, 2013 @ 7:34 pm

    Thanks so much for this tutorial! It is great to be able to follow along while learning new techniques (and I have also discovered some better ways to do things than the way my mom taught me back in the day!). The photos are so helpful. I wish all knitting patterns came with similar tutorials! :)

    • Emily Wessel
      October 23, 2013 @ 11:36 am

      Thanks for the lovely compliments!

  33. Catalina
    August 30, 2013 @ 8:16 am

    Hi Emily,
    Thanks for the tutorial. I´m confused about the raglan increases. The pattern says: “…knit to 1 st before marker, m1, k1, slip marker, k1, m1”. I knitted it and it formed a line of two knit stitches along the raglan diagonal line. In the pictures, It seems that the line is formed by just one knit stich along tha raglan diagonal line. I think I´m making something wrong but I don´t know what it is. Thanks! Catalina

    • alexaludeman
      September 3, 2013 @ 6:11 pm

      Hi Catalina

      It just depends on which increase you are using. Emily used a krl and kll for the increases (see the abbreviations page for links on how to do these), but I always use an M1 (giving me the 2 sts instead of 1).

      • Catalina
        September 10, 2013 @ 1:08 pm

        Ok, I understand, thank you very much.

    • Andrea
      October 16, 2013 @ 7:25 pm

      Hi Catalina – I had the same problem but I think I figured out why. The abbreviations included at the end of the pattern pdf seem to be mixed up. The KRL and KLL definitions should be switched. The definitions appear with the correct abbreviations on this page I ripped back and redid and now see the one knit stitch along the raglan diagonal line.

      – Andrea

  34. Nicoleta
    August 7, 2013 @ 4:41 pm

    Great tutorial! I’ve been looking for instructions on how to knit top-down for some time and I am very happy I found yours. It is awesome! Growing up my mom used to knit like this, I’ve learned how to do it, but did not use it for a long time and I forgot it. Thanks!!

  35. bernadette
    July 16, 2013 @ 8:12 pm

    hi emily – I used all make one back (right) for the krl and all make one front (left) for all the kll and it is looking beeeyouteeful! thank you so much. on to dividing for sleeves!!!

  36. bernadette
    June 26, 2013 @ 8:13 am

    hi again,
    do you have a tutorial for the kll and krl called for?
    when I go to various knit help sites, there are different explanations out there…
    thanks! bernadette

    • Emily Wessel
      July 9, 2013 @ 9:45 am

      Hi Bernadette – thanks for your question! There are links on our abbreviation page which show how to do Kll and Krl. But FYI you don’t have to use these particular increases – M1 or m1r and m1l will work just fine too! Hope this helps! Emily

  37. bernadette
    June 26, 2013 @ 7:37 am

    hi Emily,
    I did the provisional cast on (woo hoo! new life skill!) and the set up row on the WS. Now I am confused as the pattern describes first row, second row on page 1 with m1 increases, then row 1 and row 2 on page 2 with krl kll increases. should the very first two rows (ok, really not the first two since I have the set up row, hehe) use krl and kll as the m1 increases???
    thanks! bernadette

    • Emily Wessel
      July 9, 2013 @ 9:47 am

      Hi Bernadette – because of the way you work the KLL and KRL, it is impossible to use these kind of increases on the very first row (after a provisional cast-on). That’s why the first increase row uses M1 instead (because there is a bar you can pick up). Then after that you can switch to KLL and KRL per the pattern, OR work M1 if you prefer at the increase points! Hope this helps! Emily

  38. Tess
    January 31, 2013 @ 10:37 am

    great tutorial, thank you. What I would like to ask is, how do I know how many stitches to cast on and HOW do I devide into 4, is it equal amount?
    Front- is it every 2 front rows (on the 4th row?, back and front)counted.

  39. Cindy
    August 25, 2012 @ 8:47 am

    Your instructions are awesome!! I am a beginning knitter and an even more beginning blogger…so learning both by reading this :)

  40. susana
    August 16, 2012 @ 3:55 pm

    Gracias por compartir. Susana